Monday, April 30, 2012

various stone tools from one stretch of river

here is an assortment of arrowheads,scrapers,points and broken pieces. i am thinking Paleo Indian here due to the shapes and sizes...but all  samples are from the river so is hard to tell. Definitely nothing from the last 1,200 years here. All items are older than that for sure.
      most are made from black to dark blue flints that are chocked full of tiny fossil life. they are showing heavy weathering and thousands of years age.
closer look at the "blank", or a "preform" or a prototype piece and a projectile point, Licking River bank, Zanesville Ohio
these are man-made tools for handling meat and hides. you can see over all shape relating to Paleo tools. there are finger holds and thumb grips and tool edges with blunt sides. all are uni-faced made.
this is a big-ole SCRAPER TOOL of some dark flint. aging has discolored it. its shape tells it might have been a broken projectile that was re-hashed in this form. it is pentagonal, 5 sided tool relating to some Ohio Pre-clovis tools i've read about. to find the link visit my page in the header, "click these points of interest".
a very cool stone age knife next to my Bic to show size. i do not think it to be a weapon, i think it was for large game animals. since it is large i assume it to be from era of the Ice-Age peoples. i have found stone age tools on this part of river from all ages. The materials do not lie in the ground in layers where i hunt, but are washed out after flooding. it makes it harder for me to date these relics. i do the best i can. it has details of shell fossils all through it, some are thumb nail sized. the tip of this blade appears broken but it would still handle cutting up some steak i'm sure :)
assortment or hammer-stones,hand axes,and mano stones from the Licking River bank
most likely a stone axe/chopper....looks like it was made for the hand use,could also have been used with a handle too...Adz style? it also has a face....
stone axe/chopper in my hand
is an awl,marker, maybe a drill/borer tool but fits my hand better in the palm instead of finger tips. is larger than all of my drill pieces...i have 3 or 4 more of these type of tools in different sizes. others like it around the world are bird effigy stones.
 never count out the possibilities. i will have to look closer.
a scraper tool. is large sized, could be for hides
end scraper tool edge

this one resembles scraper tools and chopper tools both the same. i also see a face carved in the thumb grip here,..interesting but i cannot prove that it is real....LOL
it has the shape of man-worked stone, but is so badly weathered that its hard for me to tell. you see how thick it is in the next pic. i see a face here too..i have a few dozen stones yet to photo and post that are definitely cArved up cave-man face style....soon as i post them you will see why i'm so loco and think 80% of stone-age relics have character and carvings. it's a mind-blow. stick with my blog,check in once in awhile and my world will open up to you.

this is from more recent Ohio-Land natives. the material came from Flint Ridge, i discovered a cache of it in stone tool form right here in Zanesville. here is a flat bottom uni-faced meat scraper. the next pic is its bottom.
the uni-faced blade shows older technology towards the beginnings of Man in Ohio. it is not a near modern piece.

point and edge of the little meat scraper
ancient pottery shards and silt stone tools parts from different ages of hunter-gatherer peoples from Ohio collected along Muskingum and Licking rivers. Zanesville OHio.
large and small hammering stone tools. some are made of  rock not native to my neck of the woods. they were most likely quarried from where glaciers piled up tons of rubble and passed down to villagers of Ancient Zanesville.
close up of the three hammering stones that i suspect might be animal effigy stones as well
this is an atlatl weight i presume. might be a fishing  net weight. might be a hammer....
side view of atlatl or net weight/hammer showing how its grooved all the way around.
more hammerstones. the flat one on the left is rounded like half a cylinder on bottom.i found it on the sandy banks if the Licking river. i suspect it to be a metate. it sits firmly on the ground without sinking or tipping. just above it is a museum quality fist hammer with every finger hold in place and peck marks and signs of use. it is of green colored granite. it is one of my faves from my collection.
left: large hammerstone with grooves in place where it was tied up to its handle. Right: a green granite food masher, triangled shape, blunt flat on top end,rounded with a curve at the other showing where it was used to grind and pound the food materials.
tool stones shown with my smokin' pipe to show size.
green granite food masher tool. in the middle of the left edge is like a thumb grip or handle mount.
piece of river bed sandstone with fossilized organic materials and ancient coals from camp fires, found on sandy banks of the Muskingum river down from the Y-bridge area
nice scraper tool i found along route 60 between north Zanesville and Dresden. it has markings on it but since i found it along highway its hard to say if its incised/man created and meaningful or just from being ran over. it looks Paleo.
tool edge of the highway 60 scraper

left is a small obsidian knife, right is a colorful flint knife same design. found in same spot Muskingum river
colorful and obsidian knife. side view
these are too small to be spurs from what i have studied but both are shaped the same,of the same material,and from the same location. i am not sure what to call these quartz items but i know that they served some purpose and need better study.
this is a scraper made of whit flint in extreme likeness of a shark tooth. since it was white and sunny my jenky cell phone camera did not snapshot it well.
a scraper tool, a broken knife and broken dart made of black Coshocton flint
white cupule stones and a scraper of same material. the two on bottom resemble animals. they have legs, heads and tails...turtles?
cupule stones are cup shaped relics, some are decorative,meditative, maybe for scooping and packing,some are for nut-cracking, grinding portions of grains and herbs,possibility exists that cupules of certain sizes were for measuring,some were for painting or tattooing(holding the colorful media),eating,drinking,left overs from tool making, others could have been used in games or ceremonies, or for holding things smaller than them selves. there is lots of debate open on these types of particular, these are very old looking compared to other stones in my stash and i don't know what they were for....
close up of possible turtle effigy/cupule stones
another of my faves. A STONE AGE SPOON!! its awesome. i "dig" it lol
still useful as a spoon today. *thumbs up to its creator!
note the only one edge of the rim of the spoon has knap marks like it could have been used as a scraper as well as for spooning tasty mouthfuls.
these are of native Zanesville limestone, scrapers and knives.i'd say these are the oldest kinds of stone tool in my collection,or the most basic.i have found these 5 types in other locations around my digs too.some from my parents property are exactly like these i've found at the river which tells me that they were from the same people and that they are indeed of the stone age tool variety.
more stone tools of limestone from the river bank. i should post pix of the others like it from different areas for this study.
the one on the left looks like a scraper tool, made of blue green stone with little sparkly minerals within, not as large as the sparkly minerals in granite though but i dunno what to call it. the one on the right looks like a part off an atlatl(atlals are still used today,more high tech spear chucking device to launch the spear like a missile). it also wedged like a scraper but with not much definition in the work edge
hammer stones of the same blue stone
the blue hammerstone showing two chisel marks on the bottom underside.

it's kind of pestile shaped from this angle.

these are tiny tools used to put marks on pottery and for retouching a stone tool's edge...yeah,like finish working stones i reckon. they span the width of my thumb nail.

more small marking/finishing/defining stone tools, tiny as can be. look at the bottomest one. see the difference in the stone where the point was sharpened and where the base has a more natural look? this verifies that this is a stone tool.
broken flints from same dig as the rest here. some were tools,some were flaked off making tools. do you know which is what? I do hehehehe.
a great way to containerize stones and stay organized. RECYCLE YOUR EMPTY VEGGIE TRAYS!!!!
the top flint looks phallic to me. the rest are flaked and worked but i cannot tell what for.

a nice tan flint scraper of the Hopewell people. it was identified for me not because of the tool itself,but because of its material and the two cores i found in vicinity along the Licking River.

assorted flints in stone tool shapes with chipping,flaking,grinding and pounding evidence present but they're imperfect,broken and weathered...the crown jewels of my collection
up closer to show what 'm tellin' ya

the bottom chunk has a few chiseled line marks. i suppose it shows least that it was made that way............................